Which Province Will It Be? – Part 1

Most people who want to immigrate to Canada, hope to get a direct ITA to apply for Permanent Residency from the IRCC. But this can prove difficult, when you don’t have the required CRS score (for example, currently the minimum CRS score is sitting at 460 points).

For those who don’t achieve the minimum score – for any number of reasons (whether age, education, language abilities etc.) – the next best options are to either a) apply and hope to get a job offer from a Canadian employer, or b) apply for or hope to be selected by one of Canada’s Provincial Nomination Programs.

Getting a job offer from a Canadian employer while still out of Canada (and not a Canadian citizen) is rather like trying to herd a clowder of cats. It can be (and has been) done, but it’s a frustrating and difficult process, and there are many conditions attached even if you do eventually manage to secure a job before immigrating.

So for the most part, people go for the PNPs available, just like Z and I did.

Each Canadian province and territory (except Nunavut and Quebec) has its own unique Provincial Nominee Program. Each PNP has at least one immigration stream that is aligned with the federal Express Entry immigration selection system.

Provincial nominations issued under these Express Entry-aligned streams are known as ‘enhanced nominations’ and award Express Entry candidates an additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points.

Each province in Canada have different streams within their PNPs, with each stream targeting people with a specific skill set. Most of the time, the requirements for the PNP revolve around work experience, language abilities, and relatives in the province. Some provinces choose candidates who match their criteria directly from the Express Entry pool, sending them Notifications of Interest (NOIs) to submit full applications to that particular PNP. Other provinces hold draws and select candidates who have submitted EOIs and match the criteria and the cut-off score for the PNP draw.

I do not claim to be an expert on all the Provincial Nomination Programs, or how they work. Whatever knowledge I have gained, has been from my own research and experience,  and from the information shared by others who have gone through the process. Obviously, I still know the NBPNP best, although this year, they have also diverted from how they conducted their PNP the previous year, when we had applied to them.

So below, I have listed all the links to the PNPs offered by all the Canadian provinces. I have generally found that the websites for the PNPs are very informative and detailed, and a useful guide to anyone who is interested in applying.

Please note: since the following has a lot of information and links, in this post, I have only posted the links for Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland and Labrador.

In my next post, I will post the PNP information and links for Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan, the Northwest Territories, and Yukon.


Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)

Alberta’s provincial immigration program consists of three streams: The Alberta Opportunity Stream, the Alberta Express Entry Stream, and the Self-Employed Farmer Stream. The province issues provincial nominations to foreign nationals who meet program-specific criteria and demonstrate an intention to reside in the prairie province.

Alberta Opportunity Stream

This stream allows individuals who meet the stream’s minimum eligibility requirements and are working in Alberta in an eligible occupation to apply for an AINP provincial nomination.

The AINP will introduce further changes to the Alberta Opportunity Stream between 2019 and 2021.

Alberta Express Entry Stream

This stream allows the Government of Alberta to nominate eligible candidates from Canada’s Express Entry system. A successful nomination under this stream results in 600 additional Comprehensive Ranking System points.

Self-Employed Farmer Stream

This stream allows individuals with farming experience and personal funds to purchase and develop a farm in Alberta to apply for permanent residence. Successful applicants are farm owners/operators who plan to live in Alberta in order to purchase and manage their farming business.


British Columbia Provincial Nomination Program (BC PNP)

The BC PNP consists of the Skills Immigration, Express Entry BC and Entrepreneur Immigration Streams. These streams are divided into categories that target skilled workers, international graduates and other professionals with skills, experience and qualifications needed in B.C.

Skills Immigration

BC PNP Skills Immigration is divided into the following categories:

  • Skilled Worker Category — This category is for individuals who have received an eligible job offer in a skilled occupation. Workers are expected to have several years of experience in their skilled occupation.
  • Healthcare Professional Category — Under this category individuals with experience and eligible job offers, as physicians, nurses, psychiatric nurses or allied health professionals may apply. An eligible job offer must be acquired for one of 11 qualifying health occupations.
  • International Graduate Category — This category is for individuals who have graduated from an eligible Canadian university or college in the last three years. A job offer must be obtained from a BC employer to be eligible under this sub-category.
  • International Post-Graduate Category— This category is for graduates with Masters or Doctoral degrees from an eligible educational institution in British Columbia in the natural, applied, or health sciences programs of study. No job offer is required to apply under this sub-category.
  • Entry Level and Semi-Skilled Worker Category — Workers in certain entry-level or semi-skilled positions in tourism/hospitality, food processing, or long-haul trucking, or those in entry-level or semi-skilled positions living and working in the Northeast Development Region of British Columbia, may be eligible for immigration through this program.

Express Entry British Columbia

Express Entry BC aligns with the federal government’s Express Entry immigration selection system, allowing eligible applicants to receive priority processing of both their BC PNP application and if nominated, their permanent residence application.

The following Skills Immigration categories may be processed through Express Entry British Columbia:

  • Skilled Worker Category
  • Health Care Professional Category
  • International Graduate Category
  • International Post-Graduate Category

Entrepreneur Immigration

Individuals who intend to settle and invest in British Columbia may be eligible for Canadian permanent residence under this immigration stream. This program is broken down into two categories:

  • Entrepreneur Immigration Category — This category is for senior managers or business owners who intend to invest funds into a proposed business in British Columbia.
  • Entrepreneur Immigration — Regional Pilot — This new pilot is for international entrepreneurs looking to establish a new business in a small community in British Columbia.
  • Strategic Projects Category — Through this category, foreign-controlled companies can set up an operation in British Columbia. Up to five key foreign managerial, professional or technical staff members can be nominated for permanent residence in the province.


Manitoba Provincial Nomination Program (MPNP)

Manitoba’s provincial immigration program is comprised of streams designed to nominate skilled workers and their families who wish to work and live in the province permanently. The MPNP is currently undergoing renewal.

Skilled Worker in Manitoba

Applications are accepted from qualified temporary foreign workers and international student graduates who are currently working in Manitoba and have been offered a permanent, full-time job with their Manitoba employer. Unlike the other connections to Manitoba in the MPNP, Skilled Worker in Manitoba are not subject to a points-based assessment to determine their eligibility. As part of the MPNP renewal, the Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream will consist of two pathways: Manitoba Work Experience and Employer Direct Recruitment. 

Manitoba Work Experience Pathway

This pathway will be open to applicants currently working in Manitoba with temporary work permits, including temporary workers and international graduates of Canadian post-secondary institutions.

Employer Direct Recruitment Pathway

This pathway will be open to applicants interviewed by Manitoba employers outside of Canada by the MPNP and an eligible employer and received an Invitation to Apply for provincial nomination from the MPNP.

Skilled Worker Overseas

The Manitoba Skilled Worker Overseas Stream uses a points-based system to assess candidates, who may be outside of Canada. Applications are accepted from qualified skilled workers who can demonstrate a strong connection to the province through family or friends (Manitoba Support), past education or employment (Manitoba Experience), or by invitation of the MPNP (Manitoba Invitation), and who score a minimum of 60 points according to five eligibility factors: age, language proficiency, work experience, education and adaptability.

Manitoba Express Entry Pathway (currently operating as the Skilled Worker Overseas – Express Entry Sub-Stream)

This pathway is open to Express Entry candidates who are also eligible under another MPNP stream and who meet  Express Entry requirements and have an active Express Entry profile. Candidates will be expected to demonstrate experience in an occupation listed in Manitoba’s In-demand Occupations list and have strong family connection to Manitoba.

Human Capital Pathway

This pathway will be open to foreign skilled workers with experience in Manitoba’s In-demand Occupations, and who demonstrate the ability to potentially establish themselves by building strong labour market connections to those occupations. Learn about the eligibility requirements of the Human Capital Pathway.

Business Investor Stream

Individuals who wish to do business in Manitoba can do so through this stream. This process operates on an ‘Expression of Interest’ system, whereby prospective applicants submit their intention to apply to the program, and the most qualified are invited to apply for immigration.

Farm Investor Pathway (formerly Farm Strategic Recruitment Initiative)

The Farm Investor Pathway is part of Manitoba’s Business Investor Stream and it allows individuals with farm business experience and sufficient capital to immigrate in order to establish and operate a farm in the province.

Entrepreneur Pathway

The Entrepreneur Pathway replaces the previous MPNP-B stream. It allows the province to recruit and nominate eligible foreign business owners who have the intent and ability to move to Manitoba to establish, purchase a business or co-own an existing business in the first two years of arriving in Manitoba on a temporary work permit.


New Brunswick Provincial Nomination Program (NBPNP)

The NBPNP is New Brunswick’s provincial immigration program with streams targeting entrepreneurs, international graduates, skilled workers with employer support and skilled workers in the federal government’s Express Entry selection system.

Express Entry Labour Market Stream (EELMS)

This stream allows the NBPNP to use the federal Express Entry immigration selection system to meet New Brunswick’s specific labour market and demographic needs. This stream operates under an ‘Expression of Interest’ model.

Skilled Workers with Employer Support

New Brunswick accepts applications under this category from individuals who have received a full-time, permanent job offer from a New Brunswick employer.

Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream

New Brunswick accepts applications under this category from individuals who have graduated from a recognized academic institution in New Brunswick, and have started or acquired a business in the province.

Entrepreneurial Stream

New Brunswick accepts applications under this category from individuals who plan to own and actively manage a business in New Brunswick. Applicants are expected to make a monetary investment in the business.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP)

New Brunswick is one of four participating Atlantic provinces working with the Government of Canada to recruit foreign workers to meet labour market shortages in Atlantic Canada. Foreign nationals interested in participating in the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program may be residing abroad or on temporary status in Canada at the time of applying.

All applicants to the pilot must have a job offer from a designated employer that meets the requirements of the program.


Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)

The NLPNP accepts immigration applications from skilled workers, international graduates and entrepreneurs who meet program-specific criteria such as a job or job offer, intent to reside, and the ability to become economically established in the province.

Express Entry Skilled Worker 

This category is for skilled individuals who have been accepted into Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s Express Entry pool and who have a job offer in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Skilled Worker 

This category is for individuals who have a guaranteed offer of employment from a Newfoundland and Labrador employer, or are already working in the province on a valid Work Permit.

International Graduate 

This category is for recent graduates who have a Post-Graduate Work Permit and a job or job offer from a Newfoundland and Labrador employer.

 There are also 2 categories for Entrepreneurs. Newfoundland and Labrador is one of the four provinces in the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program.

Canadian Provinces Flags

I hope this post (and the next) serves as a useful guide to those who are seeking a province to apply to, to help them boost their CRS score and get them on the road to making their Canadian dream come true.


To Be Continued….

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